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Natural Gas Industry: Materials and Corrosion

  • R. Salinas (a1), A. So (a1), B. Valdez (a1), M. Schorr (a1), J. M. Bastidas (a2), M. Carrillo (a1) and L. Alvarez (a1)...

Abstract

Corrosion is a worldwide, crucial problem that strongly affects natural and industrial environments, in particular the oil and gas industry. Natural gas (NG) is a source of energy in industrial, residential, commercial and electric applications. The abundance of NG in many countries augurs a profitable situation for the vast energy industry. NG is considered friendlier to the environment and with lesser greenhouse gas emissions as compared with other fossil fuels. In the last years, shale gas is increasingly exploited in U.S. and Europe, applying a hydraulic fracturing technique, for releasing gas from the bed rock by injection of saline water, acidic chemicals and sand to the wells. Various critical sectors of the NG industry infrastructure suffer from several types of corrosion: steel casings of production wells and their drilling equipment; gas conveying pipelines including pumps and valves; plants for regasification of liquefied natural gas (LNG) and municipal networks of NG distribution to the consumers. Practical technologies that minimize or prevent corrosion include selection of corrosion resistant engineering materials, cathodic protection, corrosion inhibitors, and application of external and internal paints, coatings and linings. Mexico is undergoing an intense reform process of the energy sector, that involves its oil, NG and electricity industries. Typical cases of corrosion management in the NG industry are presented based on the authors experience and knowledge.

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Keywords

Natural Gas Industry: Materials and Corrosion

  • R. Salinas (a1), A. So (a1), B. Valdez (a1), M. Schorr (a1), J. M. Bastidas (a2), M. Carrillo (a1) and L. Alvarez (a1)...

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