Skip to main content Accessibility help

Morphic Architectures: Atomic-Level Limits

  • Ralph Cavin (a1) and Victor Zhirnov (a2)


In this paper, we consider a thought problem intended to force consideration of fundamental limits for energy sources, sensors, computing elements, and communication systems as fundamental system dimensions are reduced to the few micron regime. Design of integrated systems at this level are shown to literally require the allocation of atoms for the various functions. We argue that although there are no fabrication technologies for systems on this scale and the tradeoffs between system functions are extreme, systems on this scale might be feasible; given end-of ITRS technologies.



Hide All
1. Heller, A. Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 385, 469 (2006)
2. Heller, A. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 209, (2004)
3. Wu, D. Tucker, R. and Hess, H. IEEE Trans. Adv. Pack. 28, 594 (2005)
4. Kötz, R. and Carlen, M, Electrochem. Acta 45, 2483 (2000)
5. Lewandowski, A. and Galisnki, M. J. Power Syst. 173, 822 (2007)
6. Chandrashekhar, M. V. S. Duggirala, R. Spencer, M. G. and Lal, A. Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 053511 (2007)
7. Eiting, C. J. Krishnamoorthy, V. Rodgers, S. George, T. Robertson, J. D. and Brockman, J. Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 064101 (2006)
8.Stopping-Power and Range Tables for Electrons, Protons, and Helium Ions,
9. Klein, C. A. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 2029 (1968)
10. Zhirnov, V. V. Cavin, R. K. Hutchby, J. A. and Bourianoff, G. I. Proc. IEEE 91, 1934 (2003)
11. Cavin, R. K. and Zhirnov, V. V. “Keynote: Nano-Architecture Challenges: A Fundamental Physics Perspective”, IEEE/ACM Intern. Symp. on Nanoscale Architectures, San Jose, CA, October 21-22, 2007
12. Cavin, R. K. and Zhirnov, V. V. Solid-State Electron. 50, 520 (2006)
13.The International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors, 2007;
14. Voelker, M. and Fromherz, P. Small 1, 206 (2005)
15. Voelker, M. and Fromherz, P. Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 2281102 (2006)
16. Lichtenberger, J. and Fromherz, P. Biophysical J. 92, 2262 (2007)
17. Park, I. Li, Z. Y. Li, X. Pisano, A. P. and Williams, R. S. Biosensors and Bioelectron. 22, 2065 (2007)
18. Stern, Eric, Klemic, J. F. Routenberg, D. A. Wyrembak, P. N. Turner-Evans, D. B., Hamilton, A. D. LaVan, D. A. Fahmy, T. M. and Reed, M. A. Nature 445, 519 (2007)
19. Zhirnov, V. V. “‘Minimizing’ the effects of Physical Limits”, SRC/NSF Forum on Nano-Morphic Systems: Processes, Devices, and Architectures, November 8-9, 2007, Stanford University, Stanford, CA.
20. Zhu, Q. Wu, L. Sheng, S. Mei, Z. C. Liu, W. F. Cai, W. L. and Yao, L. Z. J. Vac. Sci. Techol. B 25, 1630 (2007)


Morphic Architectures: Atomic-Level Limits

  • Ralph Cavin (a1) and Victor Zhirnov (a2)


Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed