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Migration Behavior of Potassium and Rubidium in Compacted Bentonite Under Reducing Condition With Iron Corrosion Product

  • Kazuya Idemitsu (a1), Hirotomo Ikeuchi (a2), Daisuke Akiyama (a1), Yaohiro Inagaki (a1) and Tatsumi Arima (a1)...

Abstract

Carbon steel overpack will corrode by consuming oxygen introduced by repository construction after closure of repository and then will keep the reducing environment in the vicinity of repository. The iron corrosion products can migrate in bentonite as ferrous ion through the interlayer of montmorillonite replacing exchangeable sodium ions in the interlayer. This replacement of sodium with ferrous ion may affect the migration behavior in the altered bentonite not only for redox-sensitive elements but also the other ions. Therefore the authors have carried out electromigration experiments of potassium or rubidium with source of iron ions supplied by anode corrosion of iron coupon in compacted bentonite. Five to fifteen micro liter of tracer solution containing 3.3 M of KCl or 2.2 M of RbCl was spiked on the interface between an iron coupon and bentonite, which dry density was around 1.4 Mg/m3, before assembling. The iron coupon was connected as the working electrode to the potentiostat and was held at a constant supplied potential between - 600 and 300 mV vs. Ag/AgCl reference electrode for up to 8 days. Potassium could migrate faster and deeper in bentonite specimen than iron in each condition. On the other hand rubidium could migrate slower than iron. Migration velocity was a function of applied electrical potential and 8 to 14 nm/s for potassium, 5 to 10 nm/s for iron and 3 to 5 for rubidium, respectively. Dispersion coefficient was also a function of applied potential and 10 to 14 × 10−12 m2/s for potassium, 4 to 8 overv 10−12 m2/s for rubidium and 2 to 4 overv 10−12 m2/s for iron, respectively. Diffusion experiments were also carried out for comparison. Potassium and rubidium might migrate slightly slower in the altered bentonite by iron corrosion than in ordinary compacted bentonite.

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1 JNC, H12: Project of Establish the Scientific and Technical Basis for HLW Disposal in JAPAN, JNC, Tokai Japan (2000).
2 Idemitsu, K., Yano, S., Xia, X., Inagaki, Y., Arima, T., Mitsugashira, T., Hara, M., Suzuki, Y. in Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XXV edited by McGrail, B.P. and Cragnolono, G. A. (Mater. Res. Soc. Proc. 713, Pittsburgh, PA, 2001) pp.113120.
3 Idemitsu, K., Xia, X., Kikuchi, Y., Inagaki, Y., Arima, T. in Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XXVIII, edited by Hanchar, John M., Stroes-Gascoyne, Simcha, Browning, Lauren (Mater. Res. Soc. Proc. 824, Pittsburgh, PA, 2004) pp.491496.
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5 Idemitsu, K., Yano, S., Xia, X., Kikuchi, Y., Inagaki, Y., Arima, T. in Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XXVI, edited by .Finch, R. J. and Bullen, D. B. (Mater. Res. Soc. Proc. 757, Pittsburgh, PA, 2003) pp.657664.
6 Higashihara, T., Kinoshita, K., Sato, S., and Kozaki, T.. Appl. Clay Sci. 26, 91 (2004).

Migration Behavior of Potassium and Rubidium in Compacted Bentonite Under Reducing Condition With Iron Corrosion Product

  • Kazuya Idemitsu (a1), Hirotomo Ikeuchi (a2), Daisuke Akiyama (a1), Yaohiro Inagaki (a1) and Tatsumi Arima (a1)...

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