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Microwave Processing of Ceramics: Guidelines Used at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory

  • Mark A. Janney (a1), Hal D. Kimrey (a1) and James O. Kiggans (a1)

Abstract

To make meaningful comparisons between conventional and microwave processing of materials, one must conduct experiments that are as similar as possible in the two environments. Particular attention must be given to thermal conditions, sample parameters, and furnace environment. Under thermal conditions, one must consider temperature measurement (pyrometer or thermocouple, sheath type, and arcing of thermocouples), thermal history (heating and cooling rates, thermal gradients), and exothermic reactions. Regarding sample parameters, one must. consider sample size, and packing powders and insulation systems. With respect to furnaces, one must consider differences in atmosphere, impurities, and uniformity of heating. Examples will be drawn from diffusion, grain growth, sintering, nitridation, and drying experiments conducted at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) over the past six years.

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Microwave Processing of Ceramics: Guidelines Used at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory

  • Mark A. Janney (a1), Hal D. Kimrey (a1) and James O. Kiggans (a1)

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