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Microstructure Evolution of On-substrate NiTi Shape Memory Alloy Thin Films

  • Xi Wang (a1), Ann Lai (a1), Joost J. Vlassak (a1) and Yves Bellouard (a2)

Abstract

When deposited at room temperature, sputtered NiTi thin films are amorphous and need to be crystallized before they can be used as a functional material. We present the results of an annealing study on substrate-constrained NiTi shape memory thin films. Amorphous films of a NiTi shape memory alloy were deposited by UHV sputtering. Films of thickness 1.0 μm were grown on (100) Si wafers both with and without an LPCVD SiNx barrier. The as-deposited films were annealed in vacuum at temperatures ranging from 500°C to 800°C. The microstructure of the annealed films was characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), and Rutherford back scattering (RBS).

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