Skip to main content Accessibility help

Micro- and Nano-instrument Power

  • Vassili Karanassios (a1)


For the last several years, we have been developing and characterizing “mobile” micro- and nano-instruments for use on-site (e.g., in the field). Although such portable, battery-operated instruments are much smaller that their laboratory-scale counterparts, sometimes they provide comparable performance and they often offer improved capabilities. As such, they are expected to cause a paradigm shift in classical chemical analysis by allowing practioners to “bring the lab (or part of it) to the sample”. Two classes of examples will be used as the means with which to illustrate the power of micro- and nano-instruments. One class involves a “patient” as the sample and an ingestible capsule-size spectrometer used for cancer diagnosis of the gastro intestinal tack as (part of) “the lab”. The other involves the “environment” as the sample and a portable, battery-operated, miniaturized instrument that utilizes a PalmPilot™ with a wireless interface for data acquisition and signal processing as (part of) “the lab”. To discuss how to electrically power such miniaturized instruments, mobile energy issues will be addressed. Particular emphasis will be paid to current or anticipated future applications and to the paradigm shifts that may prove essential in powering the next generation of miniaturized instruments.



Hide All
4. Wang, L., Zhang, G., Luo, J. C., Zeng, F., Wang, Q. Z., Alfano, S. A., Katz, A., Zevallos, M., Alfano, R. R., “Wireless spectroscopic compact photonic explorer for diagnostic optical imaging”, Biomedical Microdevices, 7(2):111–5 (Jun 2005).
7. Karanassios, V., “Microplasmas for chemical analysis: Analytical tools or research toys”, Spectrochim. Acta Part B, 59, 909928 (2004).
8. Kolkiewicz, A., Karanassios, V., “Transient signal processing software for analytical determinations in the field using a palm-size computer”, in: Clement, R., Burk, B. (Eds.), Proceedings of the Fourth Biennial International Conference on Monitoring and Measurement of the Environment (EnviroAnalysis), vol.4, 227232 (2002).
9. Energy harvesting, J. of Intelligent Material Systems & Structures 16(10), Oct. 1 (2005).
10. Special issue on PowerMEMS (2005), published in the Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 16 (9), September (2006).
11. Roundy, S., “On the effectiveness of vibration-based energy harvesting”, J. of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, 16, 809823 (2005).
12. Koukharenko, E., Beeby, S. P., Tudor, M. J., White, N. M., O'Donnell, T., Saha, C., Kulkarni, S. and Roy, S., “Microelectromechanical systems vibration powered electromagnetic generator for wireless sensor applications”, Microsystem Technologies, 12 (Nos. 10–11), 10711077, Sept. (2006).
13. Miao, P., Mitcheson, P. D., Holmes, A. S., Yeatman, E. M., Green, T. C. and Stark, B. H., “MEMS inertial power generators for biomedical applications”, Microsystem Technologies, 12 (Nos. 10–11), 10791083, Sept. (2006).
14. Epstein, A. H., Millimeter-scale, “MEMS gas turbine engines”, Proceedings of ASME, p. 128 (2003).
15. Epstein, A. H. and Senturia, S. S. D., “Micro power from micro machinery”, Science, Vol.276. no. 5316, p. 1211 (1997).
16. Paradiso, J. A. and Starner, T., “Energy scavenging for mobile and wireless electronics”, IEEE Pervasive Computing, 4 (1), p.1827, Jan.-March (2005).



Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed