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Mechanical Properties and Fracture Behavior of the Cu and Cu6Sn5–Dispersed Sn-Pb Solder Bumps Processed by Screen Printing

  • Ho-Seob Cha (a1), Kwang-Eung Lee (a1), Jin-Won Choi (a1) and Tae-Sung Oh (a1)

Abstract

The mechanical properties of the 1-9 vol % Cu and Cu6Sn5-dispersed 63Sn-37Pb solder alloys were characterized with tensile test. Also, the Cu and Cu6Sn5-dispersed 63Sn-37Pb solder bumps of 760 μm size were fabricated on the Au(5 μm)/Ni(5 μm)/Cu(27 μm) BGA substrates by screen printing process, and their shear strength were characterized with variations of the dwell time at the reflow peak temperature(220°C) and aging time at 150°C. The yield strength and ultimate tensile strength of the 63Sn-37Pb solder alloy increased with dispersion of 1-9 vol % Cu and Cu6Sn5. In general, however, the Cu and Cu6Sn5-dispersed solder bumps exhibited lower shear strengths than those of the 63Sn-37Pb solder bumps The failure surface of the solder bumps after ball shear test could be divided into two regions of slow crack propagation and critical crack propagation, and the shear strength of solder bumps was inversely proportional to the slow crack propagation length.

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