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Measurement of Uranium Series Radionuclides in Rock and Groundwater at the Koongarra ore Deposit, Australia, by Gamma Spectrometry

  • Nobuyuki Yanase (a1) and Keiichi Sekine (a1)

Abstract

Gamma spectrometry without any self-absorption correction was developed to measure low energy gamma rays emitted by uranium and actinium series radionuclides in rock samples and groundwater residues collected at the Koongarra ore deposit, Australia. Thin samples were prepared to minimize the self-absorption by uranium in the samples. The present method gave standard deviations of 0.9 to 18% for the measurements of concentrations of uranium and actinium series radionuclides. The concentrations of 238U, 230Th and 235U measured by gamma spectrometry were compared with those by alpha spectrometry that requires a complicated chemical separation procedure. The results obtained by both methods were in fairly good agreement, and it was found that the gamma spectrometry is applicable to rock and groundwater samples having uranium contents up to 8.1% (103 Bq/g) and 3 Bq/1 of 238U, respectively. The detection limits were calculated to be of the order of 10−2 Bq/g for rock samples and 10−2 Bq/1 for groundwater samples. The concentrations of uranium and actinium series radionuclides can be determined precisely in these samples using gamma spectrometry without any self-absorption correction.

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Measurement of Uranium Series Radionuclides in Rock and Groundwater at the Koongarra ore Deposit, Australia, by Gamma Spectrometry

  • Nobuyuki Yanase (a1) and Keiichi Sekine (a1)

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