Skip to main content Accessibility help

Magnetic Behavior and Structure of Electrodeposited, Mechanically Hard Fe-C and Fe-Ni-C Alloys

  • A. S. M. A. Haseeb (a1), Y. Hayashi (a1) and M. Masuda (a1)


Iron-carbon based hard, martensitic alloys are usually produced by conventional high temperature heat treatment. In the present work, the galvanostatic electrodeposition method has been employed to obtain hard Fe-0.96 mass % C and Fe-15.4 mass% Ni-0.70 mass% C alloys at around room temperature. The alloys have been investigated by SEM, XPS, XRD, and microhardness measurements, and their magnetic properties have been studied by vibrating sample magnetometer.

The as-deposited alloys were found to possess high mechanical hardness, 750-810 HV. Both alloys exhibit a smoother surface morphology as compared to a non-alloyed iron film obtained under similar electrochemical conditions. The coercive force of the as-deposited Fe-C and Fe-Ni-C alloys is 3930 and 494 A.m−1 respectively. In comparison, pure iron film deposited under similar conditions possesses a coercive force of 1592 A.m−1. The Fe-Ni-C alloy has a combination of high mechanical hardness and relatively soft magnetic properties, which may be of interest in potential applications requiring both soft magnetic properties and improved tribological performance. The effects of annealing on the behavior of the alloys are discussed.



Hide All
1. Izaki, M. and Omi, T., Metall. Mater. Trans., 27A, 483 (1996).10.1007/BF02648429
2. Izaki, M., Enomoto, H., Nakae, A., Terada, S., Yamauchi, E. and Omi, T., J. Surf. Finish. Soc. Jpn., 45, 1303 (1994).10.4139/sfj.45.1302
3. Izaki, M., Enomoto, H. and Omi, T., J. Jpn. Inst. Metals, 56, 636 (1992).10.2320/jinstmet1952.56.6_636
4. Wonterghem, J. van, Morup, S., Koch, C. J. W., Charles, S. W. and Wells, S., Nature, 322, 622 (1986).10.1038/322622a0
5. Wonterghem, J. van and Morup, S., J. Phys. Chem., 92, 1013 (1988).10.1021/j100316a004
6. Morisako, A., Matsumoto, M. and Naoe, M., J. Appl. Phys., 69, 5619 (1991).10.1063/1.347941
7. Yoshida, O. and Kitaori, N., Denki Kagaku, 66, 1014 (1998).
8. Zieren, V., Jongh, M. De, Groenou, A. Broese Van, Zon, J. B. A. D. Van, Lasinski, P. and Theunissen, G. S. A. M., IEEE Trans. Magn., 30, 340 (1994).10.1109/20.312284
9. Chastain, J., Handbook of X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy, Perkin-Elmer Corporation, Eden Prairie, MN (1992).
10. Leith, S. D., Ramli, S. and Schwartz, D. T., J. Electrochem. Soc., 146, 1431 (1999).10.1149/1.1391781
11. Grimmett, D. L., Schwartz, M. and Nobe, K., J. Electrochemical Soc., 140, 973 (1993).10.1149/1.2056238
12. Jack, K. H., J. Iron Steel Inst., 169, 26 (1951).
13. Nagakura, S., Hirotsu, Y., Kusunoki, M., Suzuki, T. and Nakamura, Y., Metall. Trans., 14A, 1025 (1983).10.1007/BF02659851
14. Taylor, K. A., Olsen, G. B., Cohen, M. and Sande, J. B. Vander, Metall. Trans., 20A, 2749 (1989).10.1007/BF02670168
15. Uwakweh, O. N. C., Genin, J.-M. R. and Silvain, J.-F., Metall. Trans. 22A, 797 (1991).10.1007/BF02658989
16. Haseeb, A. S. M. A., Nishida, T., Masuda, M. and Hayashi, Y., Scripta Mater., 2000 (in press).
17. Sherman, A. M., Eldis, G. T. and Cohen, M., Metall. Trans., 14A, 995 (1983).10.1007/BF02659847
18. McCurrie, R. A., Ferromagnetic Materials: Structure and Properties, Academic Press, London (1994).

Magnetic Behavior and Structure of Electrodeposited, Mechanically Hard Fe-C and Fe-Ni-C Alloys

  • A. S. M. A. Haseeb (a1), Y. Hayashi (a1) and M. Masuda (a1)


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed