Dislocation-free Si1−xGex epilayers are successfully grown on (100) silicon at 440°C by ultrahigh vacuum electron cyclotron resonance chemical vapor deposition (UHV-ECRCVD). The effects of process parameters on the crystallinity of Si1−xGex epitaxial layers were studied. As the GeH4 flow rate increases and consequently Ge fraction increases above 20%, Si1−xGex epilayers become damaged heavily by ions. When Ge fraction is larger than 20%, process parameters like total pressure need to be adjusted to reduce the ion flux for high quality Sil−xGex. Growth rate of Si1−xGex epitaxial layers increases at 440°C with Ge content in the film. It is presumed that the hydrogen desorption from the surface is the rate-limiting step, however, the enhancement in growth rate is comparatively suppressed and delayed.