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In Situ Diagnostics of Nanomaterial Synthesis by Laser Ablation: Time-resolved Photoluminescence Spectra and Imaging of Gas-Suspended Nanoparticles Deposited for Thin Films

  • D. B. Geohegan (a1), A. A. Puretzky (a1), A. Meldrum (a1), G. Duscher (a2) and S. J. Pennycook (a1)...

Abstract

The dynamics of nanoparticle formation by laser ablation into background gases are revealed by gated-ICCD photography of photoluminescence (PL) and Rayleigh-scattering (RS) from gas-suspended nanoparticles. These techniques, along with gated-spectroscopy of PL from isolated, gassuspended nanoparticles, permit fundamental investigations of nanomaterial growth, doping, and luminescence properties prior to deposition for thin films. Using the time-resolved diagnostics, particles unambiguously formed in the gas phase were collected on TEM grids. Silicon nanoparticles, 1-10 nm in diameter, were deposited following laser ablation into 1-10 TorrAror He. Three in situ PL bands (1.8, 2.6, 3.2 eV) similar to oxidized porous silicon were measured, but with a pronounced vibronic structure. Structureless photoluminescence bands were reproduced in the films (2.1, 2.7, 3.2 eV) only after standared annealing. The ablation of metal zinc into Ar/02 is also reported for the preparation of < 10 nm diameter hexagonal zincite nanocrystals, The particles were analyzed by bright field and Z-contrast TEM and high resolution EELS.

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