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Improved Thomson Coefficient Measurements Using an AC Method

  • Yasutaka Amagai (a1), Atsushi Yamamoto (a2), Megumi Akoshima (a1) and Hiroyuki Fujiki (a1)

Abstract

We present an improved AC (Alternating Current) method for the determination of the Thomson coefficient, which can be used for obtaining the absolute Seebeck coefficient. While previous work has focused on DC (Direct Current) methods, we analyze the influence of an AC current in order to derive the Thomson coefficient of a thin wire from measurable quantities. Our expression requires five parameters including AC current, resistance, temperature gradient, and the temperature changes due to the Thomson and Joule effects. Thus, a prior determination of thermal conductivity and sample geometry is not required, unlike DC methods. In order to validate our analysis, the Thomson coefficient of a thin Pt wire has been measured at several frequencies. The results agree with those obtained from a conventional DC method.

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Improved Thomson Coefficient Measurements Using an AC Method

  • Yasutaka Amagai (a1), Atsushi Yamamoto (a2), Megumi Akoshima (a1) and Hiroyuki Fujiki (a1)

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