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High-speed Processing with Reactive Cluster Ion Beams

  • Toshio Seki (a1) (a2) and Jiro Matsuo (a1)

Abstract

Cluster ion beam processes can produce high rate sputtering with low damage in comparison with monomer ion beam processes. Especially, it is expected that extreme high rate sputtering can be obtained using reactive cluster ion beams. Reactive cluster ion beams, such as SF6, CF4, CHF3, and CH2F2, were generated and their cluster size distributions were measured using Time-of-Flight (TOF) method. Si substrates were irradiated with the reactive cluster ions at the acceleration energy of 5–65 keV. Each sputtering yield was increased with acceleration energy and was about 1000 times higher than that of Ar monomer ions. The sputtering yield of SF6 cluster ions was about 4600 atoms/ion at 65 keV. With this beam, 12 inches wafers can be etched 0.5 μm per minute at 1 mA of beam current. The TOF measurement showed that the size of SF6 cluster was about 550 molecules and the number of fluorine atoms in a SF6 cluster was about 3300. If the sputtered product was SiF, the yield has to be less than 3300 atoms/ion. These results indicate that the reactive cluster ions etch targets not only chemically, but also physically. This high-speed processing with reactive cluster ion beam can be applied to fabricate nano-devices.

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High-speed Processing with Reactive Cluster Ion Beams

  • Toshio Seki (a1) (a2) and Jiro Matsuo (a1)

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