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High-Resolution Electron Microscopy of Grain Boundary Migration

  • K. L. Merkle (a1), L. J. Thompson (a1) and Fritz Phillipp (a2)

Abstract

Atomic-scale grain boundary (GB) migration has been directly observed by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HREM). Atomic-scale motion of high-angle tilt GBs as well as twist and general GBs at gold island grains with a number of planar facets has been studied at ambient and elevated temperatures. GB migration mechanisms depend on GB structure and geometry. Strong indications for cooperative effects has been found. In this case, as has been proposed before, atoms may undergo small shifts in their lattice positions to be incorporated into the growing grain in a collective mode. At high temperature and in the absence of a strong driving force such small lattice regions are observed to fluctuate back and forth between the two grains. Faceted GBs typically move in spurts. This appears to be inherent to GB migration, whenever the motion is controlled by different structural entities. For some GB geometries the motion was found to proceed by the lateral propagation of atomic-scale steps.

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High-Resolution Electron Microscopy of Grain Boundary Migration

  • K. L. Merkle (a1), L. J. Thompson (a1) and Fritz Phillipp (a2)

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