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High-quality hydrogen-diluted a-SiNx:H films deposited by hot-wire chemical vapor deposition

  • Fengzhen Liu (a1), Lynn Gedvilas (a1), Brian Keyes (a1), Errol Sanchez (a2), Shulin Wang (a2) and Qi Wang (a1)...

Abstract

We have studied the effect of H dilution on silicon nitride films deposited by the hot-wire chemical vapor deposition (HWCVD) technique using SiH4, NH3, and H2 gases. We found that H dilution significantly enhances the properties at silicon nitride films. The N content in the film increases by more than 2 times compared to the film without dilution, based on FTIR measurements. As a result, we can achieve high-quality a-SiNx:H films at low substrate temperature using a much lower gas ratio of NH3/SiH4(∼1) compared to a ratio of about 100 for conventional deposition by HWCVD. We also found that dilution decreases the H content in the films. More importantly, diluted SiNx films are conformal. Scanning electron microscopy measurements show a nearly 100% surface coverage over a sharp object. Electric breakdown measurement shows a well-insulated film with more then a few MV/cm for the breakdown field.

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