Thin LINbO3 films are deposited on (001) sapphire and (001) LiTaO3 substrates by using pulsed excimer-laser ablation. These films are evaluated by high-resolution X-ray diffraction (HRXRD) analysis. Strained LiNbO3 films in which the a-axis is longer and the c-axis is shorter than those of LiNbO3 single crystals are deposited on the sapphire substrates. On the other hand, extremely high-quality LiNbO3 films in which the a-axis of the films is the same as that of substrates are grown on the LiTaO substrates. X-ray rocking curves for the (006) reflection showed very narrow full width at half maximum (FWHM) of 208 arcsec for the films on the sapphire substrates, and 9 arcsec for the films on LiTaO3 substrates.