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High Resolution Imaging of Twin and Antiphase Domain Boundaries in Perovskite KNbO3 Thin Films.

  • Shang H. Rou (a1), Philip D. Hren (a1), John J. Hren (a1), Thomas M. Graettinger (a1), Michael S. Ameen (a1), Orlando H. Auciello (a2) and Angus I. Kingon (a1)...

Abstract

Perovskite KNbO 3 thin films were heteroepitaxially deposited onto (100) MgO substrates. Twin domains with tetrahedral shape were typically observed. These tetrahedrons were bounded by three {211} twin planes. High resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) was employed to examine these {211} twin boundaries. Surface steps of {110}<110> type generated by dislocation slip were present on the MgO substrate. The tetrahedral twin domains originate on surface steps, then grow with a stacking fault relationship to the matrix. The strain fields of dislocations near the stacking faults slightly rotate the tetrahedral twin nuclei. This small degree of misalignment between the matrix and the twin domain result in some of the twin boundaries having amorphous boundary regions rather than coherent interfaces.

Order-disorder antiphase domains (APD's) were directly imaged with HRTEM. Ultra small APD's ranging from 10 to 30 atomic spacings were observed. The origin of these APD's was either the surface steps of {100} <1 10> type on MgO substrates or the random nucleation of anions at either of two equivalent sites on the MgO substrate.

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1. Landolt-Bornstein, , Group III, vol 16, p48
2. Kingon, A. I., Rou, S. H., Ameen, M. S., Graettinger, T. M., Gifford, K. D., and Auciello, O. H., Proceeding of American Ceramic Society, 1989.
3. Rou, S. H., Hren, P. D., Kingon, A. I., “WORKSHOP ON SPECIMEN PREPARATION FOR TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY OF MATERIAL II”, (Mat. Res. Soc.), Spring 1990.
4. Rou, S. H., Hren, J. J., Hren, P. D., Graettinger, T. M., Ameen, M. S., Auciello, O., and Kingon, A. I., to be presented in XXII ICEM, Seattle, WA
5. Ogawa, S., Watanabe, D., Watanabe, H., and Komoda, T., Acta cryst., 11, 1958.

High Resolution Imaging of Twin and Antiphase Domain Boundaries in Perovskite KNbO3 Thin Films.

  • Shang H. Rou (a1), Philip D. Hren (a1), John J. Hren (a1), Thomas M. Graettinger (a1), Michael S. Ameen (a1), Orlando H. Auciello (a2) and Angus I. Kingon (a1)...

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