Chemical and biological deterioration of surfaces of historic constructions is one of the main causes of destruction of cultural heritage buildings. Effective techniques are searched in order to control the biofilm development of cultural heritage without damaging the environment. Nanotechnology is an emerging option with several applications, including those for improving stability and corrosion resistance in surfaces. Production of nanomaterials from organic nature or green synthesis offers ecological advantages such as low environmental impact. This paper proposes the use of silver nanoparticles of biological synthesis as an alternative for control of microorganisms that cause biodeterioration. The present study highlights the effect of these nanoparticles in the inhibition of bacterial growth. These particles were produced by biological synthesis with Tecoma stans L. extracts. Their characterization included analysis UV / Vis spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and particle size distribution.