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Glass ceramic materials of the SiO2-CaO-MgO-Al2O3 system: Structural characterization and fluorine effect

  • Mitzué Garza-García (a1), Jorge López-Cuevas (a2) and Oscar Hernández-Ibarra (a3)

Abstract

Glass-Ceramic monoliths of the SiO2-CaO-MgO-Al2O3 system are obtained in this research. Due to its potential dual role as a flux and as a nucleating agent, two CaF2 levels (X = 3 and X = 6 mol.%) are investigated in the parent glass composition. Due to its good mechanical properties, we intend to obtain Diopside-type pyroxene [(Ca)(Mg,Al)(Al,Si)2O6] as the main crystalline phase in the synthesized glass-ceramics. Vickers microhardness (HV), density and type of crystallization are determined in the latter materials. The morphology and size of the Diopside crystals, as well as the crystallized fraction, are determined with the help of Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and X-Ray Diffraction (XRD). Both materials exhibit surface crystallization with Diopside-type pyroxene phase with acicular morphology homogeneously distributed in the glassy matrix. The specimen with the least amount of added fluorine shows the highest microhardness value, as well as the largest and thickest acicular crystals of Diopside-type pyroxene, the lowest apparent density and the largest crystallized fraction. Our results indicate that CaF2 added in the amounts used by us does not act as nucleating agent, but it does affect the growth of the acicular crystals of the Diopside-type pyroxene phase. This is attributed mainly to the effect of fluorine on the glass structure and properties. The materials developed in this study may be considered as viable alternatives for applications in abrasive and corrosive environments, as well as for substrates for metallic coatings, and for abrasion-resistant floor tiles and other structural applications.

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Keywords

Glass ceramic materials of the SiO2-CaO-MgO-Al2O3 system: Structural characterization and fluorine effect

  • Mitzué Garza-García (a1), Jorge López-Cuevas (a2) and Oscar Hernández-Ibarra (a3)

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