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French Studies on the Development of Potential Conditioning Matrices for Iodine 129

  • Lionel Campayo (a1), Fabienne Audubert (a2), Jean-Eric Lartigue (a3), Eglantine Courtois-Manara (a4), Sophie Le Gallet (a5), Frédéric Bernard (a5), Thomas Lemesle (a1), François O. Mear (a6), Lionel Montagne (a6), Antoine Coulon (a1), Danielle Laurencin (a7), Agnès Grandjean (a1) and Sylvie Rossignol (a8)...

Abstract

Since 1991, in France, studies on the conditioning of iodine were carried out to assess the potential of several specific inorganic host matrices. The apatite family has been mainly studied because of its good chemical durability and its ability to confine iodine over geological time scales. A lead-bearing apatite, Pb10(VO4)4.8(PO4)1.2I2, and a calcium-bearing apatite, Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2-x(IO3)x, were selected on the basis of their incorporation rate (between 7 and 10 wt.%) and a satisfactory resistance to leaching (V0(50 °C, pure water) ∼ 10-2 g.m-2.d-1; Vr(50 °C, pure water) < 10-4 g.m-2.d-1). However, with such materials, the removal of open porosity requires non conventional sintering techniques like spark plasma sintering to decrease the surface exposed to water. This is why, in parallel, other matrices, like silver phosphate glasses, have also been investigated. To improve the chemical durability and thermal properties of these glasses, cross-linking reagents were added to their formulation.

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References

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Keywords

French Studies on the Development of Potential Conditioning Matrices for Iodine 129

  • Lionel Campayo (a1), Fabienne Audubert (a2), Jean-Eric Lartigue (a3), Eglantine Courtois-Manara (a4), Sophie Le Gallet (a5), Frédéric Bernard (a5), Thomas Lemesle (a1), François O. Mear (a6), Lionel Montagne (a6), Antoine Coulon (a1), Danielle Laurencin (a7), Agnès Grandjean (a1) and Sylvie Rossignol (a8)...

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