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Evolution of the Cavern-Extended Storage (CES) Concept for Flexible Management of HLW

  • Ian G. McKinley (a1), Fiona B. Neall (a2), Paul A. Smith (a3), Julia M. West (a4) and Hideki Kawamura (a5)...

Abstract

The search for greater public acceptance for radioactive waste disposal has meant that repository planning increasingly includes monitoring, institutional control and flexibility with respect to retrieval and reversability. However, the fundamental repository designs are generally unchanged. This paper describes an alternative – the Cavern Extended Storage concept – which aims to incorporate requirements for flexibility and choice for future generations into a deep geological disposal concept that provides a much safer option than extended surface storage.

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1. Nirex (2000): Generic repository studues: Nirex phased disposal concept. Nirex Report N/014, Nirex, Harwell U.K.
2. NAGRA (2003): Project Opalinus Clay – Safety Report – Demonstration of disposal feasiblity for spent fuel, vitrified high-level waste and long-lived intermediate-level waste; Nagra Technical Report series, NTB 02–05, Nagra, Wettingen, Switzerland
3. CASTOR type transport cask, GNS Gesellschaft für Nukleare Behälter, www.gns-gnb.de
4. Lutz, H.R., Streichenberg, A. and Wenger, J.-P. (1999): ZWILAG - Anlagen, Bescheibung, Erstellung und Inbetriebsetzung. Atomwirtschaft-atomtechnik, 44, 5, 286291
5. JNC (2000): H12 Project to establish technical basis for HLW disposal in Japan, Project Overview Report, 2nd progress report on research and development for the geological disposal of HLW in Japan. JNC TN1410 2000–001. JNC, Tokai, Japan
6. OCRWM (2002): Thermal operating modes. White paper February 2002. Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management. www.ymp.gov/documents/thermal/index.htm.

Evolution of the Cavern-Extended Storage (CES) Concept for Flexible Management of HLW

  • Ian G. McKinley (a1), Fiona B. Neall (a2), Paul A. Smith (a3), Julia M. West (a4) and Hideki Kawamura (a5)...

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