Skip to main content Accessibility help

Epitaxy and Crystallographic Texture of Thin Films for Magnetic Recording

  • David E. Laughlin (a1), Y.C. Feng (a1), Li-Lien Lee (a1) and B. Wong (a2)


Thin films for magnetic recording are usually deposited on metallic Cr underlayers to control their crystallographic texture and other microstructural features such as grain size and crystal perfection. In this paper, the mechanisms involved in the production of thin films (both underlayers and magnetic layers) with specific crystallographic textures is reviewed and discussed. We first present an overview of a model for the development of the initial crystallographic texture of films grown on amorphous substrates. The textures that various films develop during growth are next discussed followed by a review of the role of epitaxy of Co-alloy films on Cr with underlayers and interlayers. The control of grain size of the magnetic film is also discussed in light of the underlayer grain size. Finally, the role of epitaxy on crystalline perfection and subgrain structure is discussed.



Hide All
1. Lazzari, J.P., Melnick, I. and Randet, D., IEEE Trans. Magn. 3, 205 (1967).
2. Lazzari, J.P., Melnick, I. and Randet, D., IEEE Trans. Magn. 5, 955 (1969).
3. Daval, J. and Randet, D., IEEE Trans. Magn. 6, 768 (1970).
4. Chen, G.-L., IEEE Trans. Magn. 22, 334 (1986).
5. Fisher, R.D., Allen, J.C. and Pressesky, J.L., IEEE Trans. Magn. 22, 352 (1986).
6. Duan, S.L., Artman, J.O., Lee, J.-W., Wong, B. and Laughlin, D.E., IEEE Trans. Magn. 25, 3884 (1989).
7. Movchan, B.C. and Demchishin, C.B., Phys. Met. Metallogr. 28, 83 (1963).
8. Thorton, J.A., J. Vac. Sci. Technol. 11, 666 (1974).
9. Lee, H.J., J. Appl. Phys. 57, 4037 (1985).
10. Ohno, T., Shiroishi, Y., Hishiyama, S., Suzuki, H. and Matsuda, Y., IEEE Trans. Magn. 23, 2809 (1987).
11. Ravipati, D.P., Haines, W.G., and Dockendorf, J.L., J. Vac. Sci.Technol. A5, 1968 (1987).
12. Mattox, D.M., J. Vac. Sci. Tecnol., A7 (3), 1105 (1989).
13. Duan, S.L., Artman, J.O., Wong, B., and Laughlin, D.E., J. Appl. Phys. 67, 4913 (1990).
14. Pressesky, J., Lee, S.Y., Duan, S.L. and Williams, D., J. Appl. Phys. 69, 5163 (1991).
15. Yogi, T., Nguyen, T.A., Lambert, S.E., Gorman, G.L. and Castillo, G., Mat. Sci. Soc. Symp. Proc. 232, 3 (1991).
16. Lin, J., Wu, C. and Silvertsen, J.M., IEEE Trans. Magn. 26, 39 (1990).
17. Hono, K., Wong, B. and Laughlin, D.E., J. Appl. Phys. 68, 4734 (1990).
18. Tang, Li and Thomas, Gareth, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 5025 (1993).
19. Winterbottom, W. L., Acta Metallurgica 15, 303 (1967).
20. Cahn, J. W. and Taylor, J., Phase Transformations 87, 545 (1988).
21. Feng, Y. C., Laughlin, D. E. and Lambeth, D. N., (unpublished)
22. Lee, L.-L., Laughlin, D.E. and Lambeth, D.N. (unpublished).
23. Hsu, Y., Chen, Q., Johnson, K.E., Suvertson, J.M. and Judy, J.H., Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Magnetic Materials, Processes, and Devices of the Electrochemical Society, 9210, 95 (1991).
24. Nakamura, A. and Futamoto, M., Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32, Pt.2, L1410 (1993).
25. Hikosaka, T. and Nishikawa, R., IEEE Trans. Magn. in Japan, 67, 678 (1991).
26. Yogi, T., Gorman, G. L., Hwang, C., Kakalec, M. A. and Lambert, S. E., IEEE Trans. Magn. 24, 2727 (1988).
27. Laughlin, David E. and Wong, Bunsen Y., IEEE Trans. Magn. 27, 4713 (1991).
28. Wong, B.Y. and Laughlin, D.E., Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2533 (1992).
29. Feng, Y. C., Laughlin, D. E. and Lambeth, D. N., submitted 6th MMM-INTERMAG.


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed