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Guzei, D.V. Minakov, A.V. and Rudyak, V.Ya. 2019. On efficiency of convective heat transfer of nanofluids in laminar flow regime. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 139, Issue. , p. 180.
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Nikkhah, V. and Nakhjavani, SH. 2019. Thermal performance of a micro heat exchanger (MHE) working with zirconia-based nanofluids for industrial cooling. International Journal of Industrial Chemistry, Vol. 10, Issue. 2, p. 193.
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Oster, Kamil Hardacre, Christopher Jacquemin, Johan Ribeiro, Ana P. C. and Elsinawi, Abdulaziz 2019. Thermal Conductivity Enhancement Phenomena in Ionic Liquid-Based Nanofluids (Ionanofluids). Australian Journal of Chemistry, Vol. 72, Issue. 2, p. 21.
Meena, Reena R Chaki, Sunil H Khimani, Ankurkumar J and Deshpande, M P 2019. Synthesis, characterization of CuO nanostrips and ultrasonic study of CuO-transformer oil nanofluids. Materials Research Express, Vol. 6, Issue. 4, p. 045051.
Esmaeil, Khaled Khodary Sultan, Gamal I. Al-Mufadi, Fahad A. and Almasri, Radwan A. 2019. Experimental Heat Transfer From Heating Source Subjected to Rigorous Natural Convection Inside Enclosure and Cooled by Forced Nanofluid Flow. Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol. 141, Issue. 7, p. 072501.
Karimzadehkhouei, Mehrdad Sadaghiani, Abdolali Khalili Motezakker, Ahmad Reza Akgönül, Sarp Ozbey, Arzu Şendur, Kürşat Mengüç, M. Pınar and Koşar, Ali 2019. Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Inlet Temperature Effect on Convective Heat Transfer of γ-Al2O3/Water Nanofluid Flows in Microtubes. Heat Transfer Engineering, Vol. 40, Issue. 9-10, p. 738.
Mashali, Farzin Languri, Ethan Mohseni Davidson, Jim Kerns, David Johnson, Wayne Nawaz, Kashif and Cunningham, Glenn 2019. Thermo-physical properties of diamond nanofluids: A review. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 129, Issue. , p. 1123.
Wan, Chuan Wang, Le-Tian Sha, Jun-Yi and Ge, Hong-Hua 2019. Effect of Carbon Nanoparticles on the Crystallization of Calcium Carbonate in Aqueous Solution. Nanomaterials, Vol. 9, Issue. 2, p. 179.
Salman, Sami D. 2019. Comparative study on heat transfer enhancement of nanofluids flow in ribs tube using CFD simulation. Heat Transfer-Asian Research, Vol. 48, Issue. 1, p. 148.
Mohan, Gowtham Venkataraman, Mahesh B. and Coventry, Joe 2019. Sensible energy storage options for concentrating solar power plants operating above 600 °C. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 107, Issue. , p. 319.
Sanukrishna, S.S. Vishnu, S. Krishnakumar, T.S. and Jose Prakash, M. 2018. Effect of oxide nanoparticles on the thermal, rheological and tribological behaviours of refrigerant compressor oil: An experimental investigation. International Journal of Refrigeration, Vol. 90, Issue. , p. 32.
Alashkar, Adnan and Gadalla, Mohamed 2018. Performance analysis of an integrated solar-based power generation plant using nanofluids. International Journal of Energy Research, Vol. 42, Issue. 9, p. 2875.
Ting, Kevin Mozumder, Aloke K. and Das, Prodip K. 2018. Heat transfer and entropy generation of mixed convection in nanofluid inside a rough cavity. Vol. 1983, Issue. , p. 050005.
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Low thermal conductivity is a primary limitation in the development of energy-efficient heat transfer fluids required in many industrial applications. To overcome this limitation, a new class of heat transfer fluids is being developed by suspending nanocry stalline particles in liquids such as water or oil. The resulting “nanofluids” possess extremely high thermal conductivities compared to the liquids without dispersed nanocrystalline particles. For example, 5 volume % of nanocrystalline copper oxide particles suspended in water results in an improvement in thermal conductivity of almost 60% compared to water without nanoparticles. Excellent suspension properties are also observed, with no significant settling of nanocrystalline oxide particles occurring in stationary fluids over time periods longer than several days. Direct evaporation of Cu nano-particles into pump oil results in similar improvements in thermal conductivity compared to oxide-in-water systems, but importantly, requires far smaller concentrations of dispersed nanocrystalline powder.
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