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Effects of Ion Implantation on the Rolling Contact Fatigue of 440C Stainless Steel

  • F. M. Kustas (a1), M. S. Misra (a1) and P. Sioshansi (a2)


Cylindrical 440C stainless steel specimens implanted with N and Ti were examined for their fatigue resistance and wear behavior by rolling contact fatigue (RCF) testing. The results obtained from RCF testing showed a 40% increase in the B-10 fatigue lifetime for N implanted and a 17% increase for Ti implanted 440C specimens compared to baseline, unimplanted 440C. Quantitative surface analysis by Auger Electron Spectroscopy (AES) was performed to determine the effects of process parameter optimization and ion beam masking on the elemental concentration profiles.



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1. Singer, I.L., Carosella, C.A. and Reed, J.R., “Friction Behavior of 52100 Steel Modified by Ion Implanted Ti,” in The Use of Ion Implantation for Materials Processing, NRL Memorandum Report 4527, June 24, 1981, pp.53–69.
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4. Bamberger, E.N. and Clark, J.C. “Development and Application of the Rolling Contact Fatigue Test Rig,” Rolling Contact Fatigue Testing of Bearing Steels, ASTM STP 771, 85106, (1982).
5. Carbucicchio, M., Bardani, L. and Tosto, S., “Surface Mössbauer Analysis of 38NCD4 Steel Ion Implanted with Nitrogen,” J. Appl. Phys. 52(7), 45894592, (1981).
6. Singer, I.L., Jeffries, R.A., “Surface Chemistry and Friction Behavior of Ti-Implanted 52100 Steel,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 1(2), April-June 317321, (1983).
7. Nelson, G.C., Pope, L.E. and Yost, F.G., “Summary Abstract: Correlation of the Surface Compositon of C and Ti-Ion Implanted Layers in Iron and Stainless Steel with Reduced Friction and Wear,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol.A 1(2), 496, (1983).


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