The effect of the crystallographic orientation of underlying poly-Si film on the thermal stability of the TiSi2 film was studied. Different preferred orientations of the poly-Si film were obtained by annealing poly-Si or amorphous Si films at various temperatures. The TiSi2 film was formed by the solid-state reaction of the Ti film sputtered on the poly-Si film. The thermal stability of the TiSi2 film was evaluated by changes in the sheet resistance and microstructural evolution during furnace anneals. The TiSi2 film on poly-Si with the <110> preferred orientation shows more stable conductivity during high temperature anneals than with the <111> orientation. The surface energy of underlying poly-Si is expected to influence the thermal stability of the TiSi2/poly-Si structure significantly. Better thermal stability of the TiSi2 film can be obtained by the higher surface energy of underlying poly-Si.