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Effect of Sodium Silicate Properties in Alkali-Activation of Mexican Blast Furnace Slag

  • O. F. Cortés-Salmerón (a1), M. L. García-Chávez (a1) and T. A. García-Mejía (a1)

Abstract

The present work is a study on alkali activation of Mexican blast furnace slag, using sodium silicate. The aim is to produce an optimal specimen, homogeneous without carbonation, and with small fraction of crystalline phases, similar to CSH, which provide mechanical properties suitable to use in the construction industry. The samples were prepared using sodium silicate activator solutions with modulus (SiO2/Na2O) of 1.25, 1.5, and 1.75. The weight percentage of Na2O in the activator solutions was added at 4, 6 and 8% relative to the slag weight. The prepared samples were stored in sealed molds, at room temperature (20°C), during 7 days. The X-ray diffraction has revealed the presence of an amorphous phase, semi crystalline clinotobermorite phase and signals of calcium carbonate for the samples of 4 and 6 % of Na2O; in contrast with the 8% Na2O, where the latter signals almost disappeared. The specimen selected as optimal was prepared with an activator concentration of 8% of Na2O /Slag, and SiO2/Na2O of 1.25. A specimen under these optimal conditions was prepared with accelerated curing (40°C, humidity, 48 hours), and a compressive strength test was attained, with an average value of 52 MPa at 3 days.

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Keywords

Effect of Sodium Silicate Properties in Alkali-Activation of Mexican Blast Furnace Slag

  • O. F. Cortés-Salmerón (a1), M. L. García-Chávez (a1) and T. A. García-Mejía (a1)

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