Brannerite, as a minor phase, exists in the pyrochlore-rich titanate ceramic formulations designed for immobilization of surplus weapons Pu. The dissolution of synthetic brannerite was studied at 90°C using static tests in pH 4 solution, deionized water and Finnsjön synthetic groundwater.
After 140 days the normalized U release rates into a pH 4 solution and deionized water reach similar values, ~10−2 g m−2 d−1, and are about 2 orders of magnitude higher than those in Finnsjön synthetic groundwater. The normalized Ti release rate into Finnsjön synthetic groundwater is about an order of magnitude higher than those in pH 4 solution and deionized water. The dissolution of brannerite is incongruent in the pH 4 solution and deionized water (preferential release of U over Ti), and nearly congruent in Finnsjön synthetic groundwater. SEM observations of the samples after 140 days in pH 4 solution and deionized water revealed minor surface alteration, in the form of a thin surface layer, probably TiO2, as a result of preferential releases of U in both cases.