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Direct Determination of the Stacking Order in Gd2O3 Epi-Layers on GaAs

  • Yizhak Yacoby (a1), Mukhles Sowwan (a1), Ron Pindak (a2), Julie Cross (a3), Don Walko (a4), Ed Stern (a5), John Pitney (a6), Robert MacHarrie (a6), Minghwei Hong (a7) and Roy Clarke (a8)...

Abstract

We have used Coherent Bragg Rod Analysis (COBRA) to investigate the atomic structure of a 5.6 nm thick Gd2O3 film epitaxially grown on a (100) GaAs substrate. COBRA is a method to directly obtain the structure of systems periodic in two-dimensions by determining the complex scattering factors along the substrate Bragg rods. The system electron density and atomic structure are obtained by Fourier transforming the complex scattering factors into real space. The results show that the stacking order of the first seven Gd2O3 film layers resembles the stacking order of Ga and As layers in GaAs then changes to the stacking order of cubic bulk Gd2O3. This behavior is distinctly different from the measured stacking order in a 2.7 nm thick Gd2O3 in which the GaAs stacking order persists throughout the entire film.

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[1] Yacoby, Y., Pindak, R., MacHarrie, R., Peiffer, L., Berman, L., and Clarke, R., Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 12, 3929 (2000).
[2] Yacoby, Y., Sowwan, M., Stern, E., Cross, J., Brewer, D., Pindak, R., Pitney, J., Dufresne, E.B., and Clarke, R., Nature Materials 1, 99 (2002).
[3] Sowwan, M., Yacoby, Y., Pitney, J., MacHarrie, R., Hong, M., Cross, J., Walko, D.A., Clarke, R., Pindak, R., and Stern, E., Phys. Rev. B 66, 205311 (2002).
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