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Development of Silicon Carbide Substrates for Aerospace Applications

  • Antonio J. Abdalla (a1), Álvaro J. Damião (a1), Elson Campos (a2), Jerusa G.A. Santana (a2), Marcelo C. Vicentini (a2), Thiago A. Trevisan (a2), Henrique Inoue (a2), Marcos V.R. Santos (a3) and Francisco C.L. Melo (a4)...

Abstract

Payload and high-tech are important characteristics when the goals are aerospace applications. The development of the technologies associated to these applications has interests that transcend national boundaries and are of strategic importance to the nations. Ultra lightweight mirrors, supports and structures for optical systems are important part of this subject. This paper reports the development of SiC substrates, obtained by pressing, to be applied on embedded precision reflective optics. Different SiC granulometries, having YAG as sintering additive, were processed by: ball milling, drying and deagglomeration, sift, uniaxial and isostatic pressing, and, finally, argon atmosphere sintering at 1900°C. Different porosities were obtained according to the amount of organic material added. Into one side of the samples pellets of organic material were introduced to generate voids to reduce the weight of samples as a whole. The substrates were grinding and polished, looking for a SiC surface having low porosity, as porosity is directly related to light scattering that should be avoided on optical surfaces. Laser surface treatments were applied (using or not SiC barbotine) as a method to improve the surface quality. The samples were characterized by optical and laser confocal microscopy, roughness measurements and mechanical tests. The results are very promissory for future applications.

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1. Dahotre, B. N., Kadolka, P., Shah, S., Surface and Interface Analysis, Vol. 31, 2001, pp. 659672.
2. Izhevskyi, V. A., Genova, L. A., Bressiani, J. C., Bressiani, A. H. A., Materials Research Vol. 3, 2000, pp. 131138.
3. Marins, E. M., 2008. “Otimização e caracterização microestrutural de cerâmica de carbeto de silício obtidas com material nacional para uso em blindagem balística”, PhD. Thesis, Faculty of Engineering Campus Guaratinguetá, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Guaratinguetá, SP.
4. Pampuch, R., Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Vol. 18, 1998, pp. 994995.

Development of Silicon Carbide Substrates for Aerospace Applications

  • Antonio J. Abdalla (a1), Álvaro J. Damião (a1), Elson Campos (a2), Jerusa G.A. Santana (a2), Marcelo C. Vicentini (a2), Thiago A. Trevisan (a2), Henrique Inoue (a2), Marcos V.R. Santos (a3) and Francisco C.L. Melo (a4)...

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