This paper reviews the results from two relatively new microwave heating studies under development at Ontario Hydro's Research Division. The first study involves the development of a hybrid kiln to process advanced ceramics at high temperatures. Using a combination of resistive heating elements and microwave heating, this new device has been operated to show significant process advantages in terms of time and energy savings. A description of the hybrid kiln is presented together with the test results for calcining and sintering a variety of ceramic materials.
The second investigation involves the use of microwave heating for the treatment of hazardous wastes. The selective heating ability of microwaves has been applied to reduce the environmental impact of wastes generated from industrial processes. An example is provided to illustrate the advantages and difficulties of applying this technology.