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Development of Earth-abundant CZTS Thin Film Solar Cells with Sulfurization Technique

  • Hironori Katagiri (a1) (a2), Kazuo Jimbo (a1) and Tsukasa Washio (a1) (a2)


Cu2ZnSnS4 (henceforth CZTS) absorber layers are successfully synthesized by a sulfurization technique of physical vapor deposited precursors. In our previous report, we have clarified that the off-stoichiometry composition of Cu-poor and Zn-rich is desirable to achieve high conversion efficiency. By using CZTS compound target that provide such active composition, we could conduct a simple single sputtering method to prepare CZTS absorber. In our laboratory, a two-stage process of precursor preparation followed by sulfurization is a major fabrication method from the start of this study. We think that this method is suitable for a mass production. An optimization of the sulfurization process is a quite important issue because the active composition was already revealed. In this paper, TG/DTA system available in the H2S atmosphere is introduced to optimize the sulfurization condition. As a result, bump-free CZTS films were prepared successfully and the fluctuation of J-V properties in one substrate was drastically suppressed.



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7. Jimbo, K., Kimura, R., Kamimura, T., Yamada, S., Maw, W. S., Araki, H., Oishi, K. and Katagiri, H., “Cu2ZnSnS4-type thin film solar cells using abundant materials”, Thin Solid Films, 515, 59975999 (2007).10.1016/j.tsf.2006.12.103
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