Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Development and Testing of a Glass Waste Form for the Immobilization of Plutonium

  • D. B. Chamberlain (a1), J. M. Hanchar (a1), J. W. Emery (a1), J. C. Hoh (a1), S. F. Wolf (a1), R. J. Finch (a1), J. K. Bates (a1), A. J. G. Ellison (a2) and D. B. Dingwell (a3)...

Abstract

Two alkali-tin-silicate (ATS) glasses have been prepared at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) as part of our ongoing research in radioactive waste glass development. These glasses dissolved 5% and approximately 7% Pu. Early corrosion test results indicate that Pu-bearing ATS glass is extremely durable. The initial goal in this project concerned equally both the solubility of Pu and the durability of the ATS glasses; however, our primary emphasis has changed recently to maximizing the loading of Pu in the glass. ATS-based glasses, using Th(VI) and Ce(III) as surrogates for Pu(IV), are now being investigated to increase the solubility of Pu without substantially sacrificing the durability of the current ATS formulations. The solution data from various corrosion tests on the original Pu-containing ATS glasses are also presented.

Copyright

References

Hide All
1. President Clinton's March 1, 1995 Address to the Nixon for Peace Freedom Policy Conference.
2. Bates, J. K., Ellison, A. J. G., Emery, J. W., and Hoh, J. C., Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 412, pp. 5764 (1996).
3. Ellison, A. J. G., Mazer, J. J., and Ebert, W. L., Effect of Glass Composition on Waste Form Durability: A Critical Review, Argonne National Laboratory Report ANL-94/28 (1994).
4. Kingery, W. D., Bowen, H. K. and Uhlmann, D. R., Introduction to Ceramics, John Wiley & Sons, New York (1976).
5. Hanchar, J. M., Ph.D. Thesis, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (1996).
6. Farges, F., Brown, G. E. Jr., Navrotsky, A., Gan, H., and Rehr, J. J., “Coordination Chemistry of Ti (IV) in Silicate Glasses and Melts: II. Glasses at Ambient Temperature and Pressure,” Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 60, 3039 (1996).
7. Volf, M. B., Chemical Approach to Glass. Glass Science and Technology, 7, Elsevier, New York (1984).
8. Veal, B. W., Mundy, J. N., and Lam, D. J., in Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of the Actinides, edited by Freeman, A. J. and Lander, G.H., Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 271309(1987).
9. Watson, E. B., Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 70, 407 (1979).
10. Ellison, A. J. G. and Hess, P. C., Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 94, 343 (1986).
11. Ebert, W. L., Argonne National Laboratory, personal communication (1996).
12. Test Method for Static Leaching of Monolithic Waste Forms for Disposal of Radioactive Waste, ASTM Standard C1220–92, ASTM, Philadelphia PA (1992).
13. Standard Test Methods for Determining Chemical Durability of Nuclear Waste Glasses: The Product Consistency Test (PCT), ASTM Standard C1285–94, ASTM, Philadelphia PA (1994).

Development and Testing of a Glass Waste Form for the Immobilization of Plutonium

  • D. B. Chamberlain (a1), J. M. Hanchar (a1), J. W. Emery (a1), J. C. Hoh (a1), S. F. Wolf (a1), R. J. Finch (a1), J. K. Bates (a1), A. J. G. Ellison (a2) and D. B. Dingwell (a3)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed