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Comparison of Surface Layers Formed on Synthetic Basaltic Glass, French R7T7 and HMI Borosilicate Nuclear Waste form Glasses - Materials Interface Interactions Tests, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant

  • Michael J. Jercinovic (a1), Stacy A. Kaser (a1), Rodney C. Ewing (a1) and Werner Lutze (a2)

Abstract

Materials Interface Interaction Test results for up to 2 years indicate that surface layers formed on synthetic basaltic glass in brine are predominantly Mg-chloride or oxychloride. Layers formed on HMI and R7T7 borosilicate glass are Mg-silicates. Layer thickness increases from 1 year to 2 years for basaltic glass and HMI borosilicate glass. Mg-silicate contains Ni and Zr in amounts that are generally related to the composition of associated glass, but layers formed on basaltic glass also contain Ni and Zr, elements not present in the glass. Ni and Zr are, in part externally derived, however, Ti appears to be completely immobile, and is not found in layers formed on Ti-free glass (R7T7). Some chemical components of the surface layers are derived, in part, from alteration of glass but major components of the layers are from the brine.

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Comparison of Surface Layers Formed on Synthetic Basaltic Glass, French R7T7 and HMI Borosilicate Nuclear Waste form Glasses - Materials Interface Interactions Tests, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant

  • Michael J. Jercinovic (a1), Stacy A. Kaser (a1), Rodney C. Ewing (a1) and Werner Lutze (a2)

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