- Cited by 20
Rother, Anette Lutze, Werner and Schubert-Bischoff, Peter 1991. Characterization of Lanthanoid Phases Formed Upon Glass Dissolution in Salt Solutions. MRS Proceedings, Vol. 257, Issue. ,
Lutze, Werner and Ewing, Rodney C. 1991. Comparison of in Situ and Laboratory Corrosion Experiments with Borosilicate Nuclear Waste Glass. MRS Proceedings, Vol. 257, Issue. ,
Choppin, G. R. and Wong, P. J. 1996. Current status of radioactive waste disposal. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry Articles, Vol. 203, Issue. 2, p. 575.
Kim, J.I. and Grambow, B. 1999. Geochemical assessement of actinide isolation in a German salt repository environment. Engineering Geology, Vol. 52, Issue. 3-4, p. 221.
Loida, A. Grambow, B. and Geckeis, H. 2000. Congruent and Incongruent Radionuclide Release During Matrix Dissolution of Partly Oxidized High Burnup Spent Fuel. MRS Proceedings, Vol. 663, Issue. ,
Quiñones, J. Serrano, J. and Diaz Arocas, P. 2001. The effect of coprecipitation in some key spent fuel elements. Journal of Nuclear Materials, Vol. 298, Issue. 1-2, p. 63.
Bauer, A. Schäfer, T. Dohrmann, R. Hoffmann, H. and Kim, J. I. 2001. Smectite stability in acid salt solutions and the fate of Eu, Th and U in solution. Clay Minerals, Vol. 36, Issue. 1, p. 93.
Kienzler, Bernhard Luckscheiter, Berthold and Wilhelm, Stefan 2001. Waste form corrosion modeling: comparison with experimental results. Waste Management, Vol. 21, Issue. 8, p. 741.
Luckscheiter, B. and Nesovic, M. 2002. Sorption behaviour of Am on precorroded HLW glass in water and brines. Radiochimica Acta, Vol. 90, Issue. 9-11,
Zimmer, P. Bohnert, E. Bosbach, Dirk Kim, Jae-Il and Althaus, E. 2002. Formation of secondary phases after long-term corrosion of simulated HLW glass in brine solutions at 190 °C. Radiochimica Acta, Vol. 90, Issue. 9-11,
Loida, Andreas Kienzler, Bernhard and Geckeis, Horst 2002. Mobilization/Retention of Radionuclides during Corrosion of High Burnup Spent Fuel and Backfill Materials in Salt Brines. MRS Proceedings, Vol. 757, Issue. ,
Loida, Andreas Kienzler, Bernhard and Geckeis, Horst 2003. Corrosion Behavior of Pre-oxidized High Burnup Spent Fuel in Salt Brine. MRS Proceedings, Vol. 807, Issue. ,
Mazeina, L. Curtius, H. and Fachinger, J . 2003. Formation of hydrotalcite-like compounds during corrosion experiments on MTR-FE-Al cladding. Clay Minerals, Vol. 38, Issue. 1, p. 35.
Loida, Andreas Metz, Volker Kienzler, Bernhard and Geckeis, Horst 2004. Impact of Hydrogen Overpressure on Spent Fuel Alteration Behavior in Salt Brine During a Three-Year Long Corrosion Test. MRS Proceedings, Vol. 824, Issue. ,
Loida, Andreas Metz, Volker Kienzler, Bernhard and Geckeis, Horst 2005. Radionuclide release from high burnup spent fuel during corrosion in salt brine in the presence of hydrogen overpressure. Journal of Nuclear Materials, Vol. 346, Issue. 1, p. 24.
Loida, Andreas Metz, Volker and Kienzler, Bernhard 2006. Alteration Behavior of High Burnup Spent Fuel in Salt Brine Under Hydrogen Overpressure and in Presence of Bromide. MRS Proceedings, Vol. 985, Issue. ,
Bosbach, D. Luckscheiter, B. Brendebach, B. Denecke, M.A. and Finck, N. 2009. High level nuclear waste glass corrosion in synthetic clay pore solution and retention of actinides in secondary phases. Journal of Nuclear Materials, Vol. 385, Issue. 2, p. 456.
Curtius, H. Kaiser, G. Müller, E. and Bosbach, D. 2011. Radionuclide release from research reactor spent fuel. Journal of Nuclear Materials, Vol. 416, Issue. 1-2, p. 211.
Vernaz, E. Gin, S. and Veyer, C. 2012. Comprehensive Nuclear Materials. p. 451.
Vernaz, E. Veyer, C. and Gin, S. 2016. Reference Module in Materials Science and Materials Engineering.
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Experimental data were obtained for conventional pH values corrected for liquid junction, amorphous silica solubility and glass corrosion in concentrated salt brines. The data were interpreted with a geochemical model. The brine chemistry was described with the Pitzer formalism  using a data base which allows calculation of brine compositions in equilibrium with salt minerals at temperatures up to 200°C.
In MgCl2 dominated brines Mg silicates form and due to the consumption of Mg the pH decreases with proceeding reaction. A constant pH (about 4) and composition of alteration products is achieved, when the alkali release from the glass balances the Mg consumption. The low pH results in high release of rare earth elements REE and U from the glass. In the NaCl dominated brine MgCl2 becomes exhausted by Mg silicate formation. As long as there is still Mg left in solution the pH decreases. After exhaustion of Mg the pH rises with the alkali release from the glass and analcime is formed.
Hide All Pitzer, K.S., J.Phys.Chem. 77, 268–277 (1973) “JSS-Project Phase IV: Final Report - Experimental and Modeling Studies of HLW-Glass Dissolution in Repository Environments”, JSS-Report 87-01, SKB, Stockholm (1987) Grambow, B., “Nuclear Waste Glass Dissolution: Mechanism, Model and Application”, JSS-Project Report 87–02, (1987) Lutze, W., Müller, R. and Montserrat, W., Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. Vol. 112, Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh PA (1988) Lutze, W., Müller, R. and Montserrat, W., Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. Vol. 127, Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh PA, pp. 81–89 (1989) Harvie, C.E., Müller, N., and Weare, J., Geochim. Cos-mochim. Acta 48, 1203–1618 (1984) Harvie, C.E. and Weare, J., Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 44, 981–997 (1980) Gueddari, M., Monnin, C., Perret, D., Fritz, B., Tardy, Y., Chem. Geol. 39, 165–178 (1983) Marshall, W.L., Geochim.Cosmochim. Acta 44, 907–913 (1980) Wolery, T.J., “EQ3NR, A Computer Program for Geochemical Aqueous Speciation-Solubility Calculations”, Lawrence Li-vermore Natl. Lab., UCRL-53414, Livermore CA. USA (1983) Wolery, T.J., “EQ3/6 Modifications for Geochemical Modeling of Brines”, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Report, Livermore, CA. USA (1983) Pabalan, R.T. and Pitzer, K.S., Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 51, 2429–2443 (1987) Møller, N., Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 52, 821–837 (1988) Greenberg, J.P. und Møller, N., Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 52, 2503–2518 (1989) Marshall, W.L. and Chent, C.A., Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 46, 289–291 (1982) Chen, C.A. and Marshall, W.L., Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 46, 279–287 (1982) Pitzer, K.S., CRC Press. Inc. Boca Raton, Fl., USA (1979) Reardon, E. J., J. Phys. Chem. 92. (1988) pp. 6426–6431 Gmelins Handbuch der Anorganischen Chemie, Kalium, An-hangband, Ergänzungsband, (1970) D'Ans, J., “Die L6sungsgleichgewichte der Systeme der Salze ozeanischer Salzablagerungen” Verlagsgesellschaft für Ackerbau, Berlin (1933) Knauss, K.G., Wolery, T. and Jackson, K.J., ‘A New Approach to Measure pH in Concentration Electrolytes’ GSA meeting, 1989 Grambow, B., Müller, R., Rother, A. and Lutze, W., “Radionuclide Release in Low pH High Saline Brines Resulting From Glass Corrosion” to be published in Radiochimica Acta
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