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Characterization of SrxBa1−xTiO3 Pulsed Laser Deposition Thin Films

  • W Pérez (a1), Sampriti Sen (a1), J. Cordero (a1), E. Ching-Prado (a1), R.S. Katiyar (a1), J.S. Horwitz (a2) and L.A. Knauss (a2)...

Abstract

Thin films of SrTiO3 (STO) and SrxBa1−xTiO3 (SBT) with x = 0.35, 0.5, 0.9, and prepared by excimer laser deposition on LaAlO3 and MgO were studied. SEM analysis indicates that the surfaces of these films are smooth with isolated pores, except the SBT(x=0.5)/LaAlO3 sample, where a high concentration of large pores was found. X-ray diffraction (XRD) results show well oriented films. External FT-IR reflection studies reveals a band around 500 cm−x, which shows a significant frequency shift with increasing component concentration. Also, this IR-reflectivity band presents no changes between the SBT(x=0.9)/LaALO3 sample annealed at 750°C and the same film annealed at 850°C. On other hand, the STO/LaAlO3 and STO/MgO films show differences in frequency position of this reflectivity band. Raman spectra of the SBT sample with x ≥ 0.35 show broad bands associated with the BaTiO3 (BTO) material. However, all the phonons bands are broader than those in BTO, in particular the band around 309 cm. Raman results suggest that the spectrum is a consequence of a breakdown in the translational symmetry due to defects. Raman scattering also indicates a similarity between SBT(x=0.9) at 750°C and that at 850°C. Micro-Raman and EDX analysis show that STO/MgO and SBT(x=0.35)/LaAlO3 films are close to the expected stoichiometry, while STO/LaAlO3 and SBT(x=0.9) films present deficiencies of titanium and oxygen.

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