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Characterization of Sol-Gel Derived (Pb,Ba)(Zr,Ti,Nb)O3 Thin Films for Optical Waveguide Development

  • P. F. Baude (a1), J. S. Wright (a2), C. Ye (a1), L. F. Francis (a2) and D. L. Polla (a1)...

Abstract

(PbBa)(ZrTiNb)03 thin films and powders have been prepared using the sol-gel technique. Solutions were synthesized in 2-methoxyethanol based upon our previous PZT solution preparation. Three different approaches were used for incorporating barium into PZT alkoxide solutions. Thermal analysis and x-ray diffraction results indicated that barium methoxypropoxide gave the best results. PBZTN (71% Pb and 71% Zr) was deposited onto sapphire substrates as well as oxidized silicon substrates. Optical transmission measurements showed greater than 80% transmission for wavelengths longer than 400 nm. Films with thickness of 3000 Å on sapphire exhibited a refractive index of 2.19 at λ=633 nm.

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