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Characterization of Plasma Immersion Deposited Multilayer Coatings by Ion Beam Techniques Combined with Energy Filtered Transmission Electron Microscopy

Abstract

Multilayered and nanostructured coatings of amorphous carbon (DLC), silicon composite multilayers and nanocluster containing films today have great potential for applications as hard coatings, wear reduction layers and as diffusion barriers in biomaterials. Plasma immersion ion implantation and deposition (PIII&D) is a powerful technique to synthesize such films. The quantitative nanoscale analysis of the elemental distribution in such multielemental films and thin film stacks however is demanding.

In this paper it is shown how the high spatial resolution capabilities of energy filtered trans-mission electron microscopy (EFTEM) chemical analysis can be combined with accurate and standard-less concentration determination of ion beam analysis (IBA) techniques like Rutherford Backscattering Spectroscopy (RBS) and Elastic Recoil Detection Analysis (ERDA) to achieve absolute and accurate multielement concentration profiles in complicated nanomaterials.

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