Skip to main content Accessibility help

Anta and its Oxidation Products

  • Kien-Yin Lee (a1), Richard Gilardi (a2), Michael A. Hiskey (a1) and James R. Stine (a1)


5-Amino-3-nitro-lH-1,2,4-triazole (ANTA) is a molecule with high stability. Aside from being an insensitive high explosive (IHE), it is also used as a synthon for other potential new IHEs. The crystal structure of ANTA was resolved by X-ray crystallography. However, when ANTA was recrystallized from 2-butanone, crystals with molecular packing characterized by extended planar sheets were obtained (ß-ANTA). The crystal density of ß-ANTA is 1.73 g/cm3, which is less dense than α-ANTA (p = 1.82g/cm3).

The high-nitrogen molecule, 5,5'-dinitro-3,3'-azo-1,2,4-triazole (DNAT) was calculated to have a high density and a positive heat of formation (AHf). In an attempt to prepare DNAT, we have studied the oxidation of ANTA with different oxidizers. It was found that DNAT is the reaction product when the potassium salt of ANTA was oxidized with potassium permanganate. However, when ANTA was oxidized with ammonium persulfate in aqueous medium, one of the reaction products obtained was the azoxy moleclue of DNAT (DNAzT). We are unable to determine the crystal densities of either DNAT and DNAzT because the crystals obtained were solvated with the crystallization solvents.



Hide All
1. Pevzner, M. S., Kulibabina, T. N., Povarova, N. A. and Kilina, L. V., Khim. Geterotsikl. Soedin. 8, 1132 (1979).
2. Lee, K.-Y. and Storm, C. B., US patent 5,110,380, May (1992).
3. Lee, K.-Y., Garcia, E. and Barnhart, D., LA-12248-MS, Los Alamos National Laboratory Report, March (1992).
4. Lee, K.-Y., Coburn, M. D. and Hiskey, M. A., LA-12582-MS, Los Alamos National Laboratory Report, June, (1993)
5. L.Simpson, R., Pagoria, P. F., Mitchell, A. R. and Coon, C. L., Propellants, Explos., and Pyrotech., 19(4), 174 (1994).
6. Garcia, E. and Lee, K.-Y., Acta Cryst. C 48, 1682 (1992)
7. Stinecipher, M.M., Lee, K.-Y. and Hiskey, M. A., Proceedings ot 31st AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference, July 10–12 (1995).
8. Lee, K.-Y., U.S. patent 4,623,409, Nov. (1986).
9. Solodyuk, G. D.,Boldyrev, M. D., Gidaspov, B. V. and Nikolaev, V. D., Zhur. Organ. Khimi, 17, No 4, 861, April (1981).

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Anta and its Oxidation Products

  • Kien-Yin Lee (a1), Richard Gilardi (a2), Michael A. Hiskey (a1) and James R. Stine (a1)


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.