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Analysis of Materials Contained in Mid-4th to Early 7th Century A. D. Palestinian Kohl Tubes

  • William D. Blanchard (a1), E. Marianne Stern (a2) and Leon P. Stodulski (a1)

Abstract

The powdered contents of 17 Late Roman and Byzantine glass vessels used to hold cosmetic eye-paints (kohl) were analyzed. The principal analytical techniques employed were X-ray diffraction, Fourier-transform infrared spectrometry, X-ray fluorescence, and scanning electron microscopy. The materials detected are described, indicating those which may have been used as kohl. Also reported are analytical results from a solid chunk of material surrounding a fragment of a metal rod, also obtained from a kohl vessel.

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References

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(1) Lucas, A., Ancient Egyotian Materials and Industries, 4th ed., revised by Harris, J. R. (Edward Arnold, London, 1962), pp. 8084.
(2) Dana, E. S., A Textbook of Mineralogy, 4th ed., revised by Ford, W. E. (John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1932), p. 417.
(3) Berry, L. G. and Mason, B., Mineralogy: Concepts, Descriptions, Determinations (W.H. Freeman and Co., San Francisco, 1959), pp. 453, 454.
(4) Altschuler, Z. S. (private communication).
(5) Berry, L. G. and Mason, B., Mineralogy: Concepts, Descriptions,Determinations (W. H. Freeman and Co., San Francisco, 1959), p. 453.
(6) Dana, E. S., A Textbook of Mineralogy, 4th ed., revised by Ford, W. E. (John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1932), p. 707.
(7) Scott, D. A., “Periodic Corrosion Phenomena in Bronze Antiquities”,Studies in Conservation, 30, 4957 (1985).

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