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Amorphization of Ceramic Materials by Ion-Beam-Irradiation: Parallels to Glass Formation

  • L. M. Wang (a1), S. X. Wang (a1), W. L. Gong (a1) and R. C. Ewing (a1)

Abstract

Ion-beam-induced amorphization of a wide variety of ceramic materials has been investigated using in situ TEM at the HVEM-Tandem Facility at Argonne National Laboratory with 1.5 MeV Kr+ or Xe+ ions at temperatures between 20 to 1000 K. The critical amorphization temperatures and the activation energies associated with the expitaxial recovery of displacement cascades during irradiation have been determined from the temperature dependence of the critical amorphization dose. The results for phases in the A12 O3-MgO-SiO2 system suggested a parallel in the kinetics between ion-beam-induced amorphization and glass formation. Based on a cascade quenching model, a semiempirical parameter, S, which can easily be calculated from both structural and chemical parameters of a material, has been developed to predict the susceptibility of ceramics to amorphization. The critical amorphization temperature, above which irradiationinduced amorphization cannot be completed, is closely related to the glass transition temperature. The ratio between glass transition and melting temperatures can also be used to predict the susceptibility of a ceramic material to amorphization, equivalent to the Debye temperature criterion.

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Amorphization of Ceramic Materials by Ion-Beam-Irradiation: Parallels to Glass Formation

  • L. M. Wang (a1), S. X. Wang (a1), W. L. Gong (a1) and R. C. Ewing (a1)

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