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Alport Syndrome mutation changes molecular structure and nanomechanics of type IV tropocollagen

  • Maya Srinivasan (a1), Sebastien G.M. Uzel (a2), Alfonso Gautieri (a3), Sinan Keten (a4) and Markus J Buehler (a5)...

Abstract

Alport Syndrome is a genetic disease characterized by the breakdown of the glomerular basement membrane (GBM) around blood vessels in the kidney, leading to kidney failure in most patients. It is the second most inherited kidney disease in the US, and many other symptoms are associated with the disease, including hearing loss and ocular lesions. Here we probe the molecular level mechanisms of this disease utilizing a bottom-up computational materiomics approach focused on the mutation associated with the most severe form of Alport Syndrome. Since the GBM is under constant mechanical loading due to blood flow, changes in mechanical properties due to amino acid mutations may be critical in the symptomatic GBM breakdown seen in Alport Syndrome patients. Through full-atomistic simulations in explicit solvent, the effects of a single-residue glycine substitution mutation are studied in a short segment of a collagen type IV tropocollagen molecule. Major changes are observed at the single molecule level of the mutated sequence, including a bent shape of the structures after equilibration with the kink located at the mutation site and a significant alteration of the molecule’s stress-strain response and stiffness.

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Alport Syndrome mutation changes molecular structure and nanomechanics of type IV tropocollagen

  • Maya Srinivasan (a1), Sebastien G.M. Uzel (a2), Alfonso Gautieri (a3), Sinan Keten (a4) and Markus J Buehler (a5)...

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