Well-crystallized AlN nanorods have been produced by mechanical milling and subsequent annealing treatment of the milling powders (mechanothermal process). High purity AlN powders were used as the starting material. Mechanical milling was carried out in a vibratory SPEX mill for 30 h, using vials and balls of silicon nitride. The annealing treatment was carried out at 1200 ºC for 10 min. The characterization of the samples was performed by X-ray diffractometry and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). TEM observations indicated that the synthesized nanorods consisted of 30 nm in diameter and 100 nm in length. High resolution electron microscopy observations have been used in the structural characterization. AlN nanorods exhibit a well-crystallized structure. The growing direction of the nanorods is close to the  direction. The structural configurations have been explored through comparisons between experimental HREM images and theoretically simulated images obtained with the multislice method of the dynamical theory of electron diffraction.