The polycrystalline silicon films were deposited by electron cyclotron resonance chemical vapor deposition (ECR-CVD) with hydrogen dilution at 250°C and without any thermal annealing. The surface morphology and the microstructure of the poly-Si films are investigated by atomic force microscopy (AFM), plan-view transmission electron microscopy (TEM), crosssectional TEM and high resolution TEM (HRTEM). The low temperature poly-Si films deposited by ECR-CVD show a special leaf-like grain shape (plan-view) and an upside-down cone shape (3-dimensional view). The grains in the poly-Si films have preferred orientation of <112> and the longer side of the leaf-like grain is direction and the shorter side is direction. Lattice bending and interruption are found in the films. The arrangement of the atoms on the grains are well ordered, while atoms in the interfacial regions are randomly distributed. A simple grain formation model based on growth rate differences between different planes and etching effect can explain the film growth mechanism and the formation of the special grain geometry.