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Surface and Electrochemical Studies of Thin Film Diamond

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 February 2011

John Foord
Affiliation:
john.foord@chem.ox.ac.uk, University of Oxford, Chemistry, Mansfield Road, Oxford, OX1 3TA, United Kingdom, +44 (0) 1865 275967
David Opperman
Affiliation:
davidop@btinternet.com, University of Oxford, Department of Chemistry, Chemistry Research Laboratory, Mansfield Road, Oxford, OX1 3TA, United Kingdom
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Abstract

The behavior of diamond electrodes for electrochemical applications in aqueous media containing the protein bovine serum albumin has been explored, to examine the degree of electrode poisoning which occurs. Although the diamond electrode retains good activity in such solutions, electrode fouling is found at long contact times due to protein adsorption. Two adsorption processes are observed. The first is a simple physical adsorption mechanism, and can be simply reversed by washing the electrode in water. The second mechanism is only observed when negative potentials are applied to the diamond electrode and is attributed to the attraction and reaction of the positively charged protein at the electrode interface. Electrode poisoning is also observed in the presence of power ultrasound, although the electrochemical signals are usefully enhanced under these conditions due to enhanced mass transport to the electrode surface.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2007

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References

1. See for example Compton, R. G., Foord, J. S. and Marken, F., Electroanalysis 15, 1349 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
2. Foord, J. S., Hu, J. and Holt, K. B., Analytical Chemistry, in press.Google Scholar
3. Downward, A. J. and Mohamed, A. B., Electroanalysis 11, 420 (1999).Google Scholar
4. Saterlay, A. J., Wilkins, S. J., Holt, K. B., Foord, J. S., Compton, R. G. and Marken, F., J. Electrochem. Soc. 148, E66 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
5. A Simm, Banks, C. E. and Compton, R. G., Analytical chemistry 76, 5051 (2004).Google Scholar

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