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Study on the Mechanical Properties and Creep Behaviour of Carbon Fiber Nano-Composites

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  24 May 2011

Yi-Luen LI
Affiliation:
Department of Power Mechanical Engineering, National Tsing-Hua University, Hsin-Chu 30043, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Wei-Jen Chen
Affiliation:
Department of Power Mechanical Engineering, National Tsing-Hua University, Hsin-Chu 30043, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Chin-Lung Chiang
Affiliation:
Department of Safety, Health and Environmental Engineering, Hung-Kuang University, Taichung, 433, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Ming-Chuen Yip
Affiliation:
Department of Power Mechanical Engineering, National Tsing-Hua University, Hsin-Chu 30043, Taiwan, R.O.C.
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Abstract

The surface modification of carbon nanotubes(CNTs)has been recently observed to influence the distribution of CNTs in epoxy resin and the mechanical properties and electrical conductivities of these CNTs. Accordingly, the treatment of CNTs with organic acids to oxidize them generates functional groups on the surface of CNTs. This investigation studies the consequent enhancement of the mechanical properties and electrical conductivities of CNTs. The influence of adding various proportions of CNTs to the epoxy resin on the mechanical properties and electrical conductivities of the composites thus formed is investigated, and the strength of the material is tested at different temperatures. Moreover, the creep behavior of carbon fiber (CF)/epoxy resin thermosetting composites was tested and analyzed at different temperatures and stresses. The creep exhibits only two stages- primary creep and steady-state creep. The effects of creep stress, creep time, and humidity on the creep of composites that contain various proportion of CNTs were investigated at various temperatures.

Creep strain is believed to increase with applied stress, creep time, humidity, and temperature. It also increases as hardness decrease. The test results also indicate that mechanical strength and electrical conductivity increase with the amount of CNTs added to the composites. Different coefficients of expansion of the matrix, fiber and CNTs, are such that overexpansion of the matrix at high temperature results in cracking in it. An SEM image of the fracture surface reveals debonding and the pulling out of longitudinal fibers because of poor interfacial bonding between fiber and matrix, which reduce overall strength.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2011

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References

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