Published online by Cambridge University Press: 10 February 2011
Comparison of anneal temperatures, sheet resistance, gate to source/drain leakage current, and implant pre-amorphization are studied for a conventional 2-step cobalt salicide process and a TiN capped cobalt salicide. The TiN capped cobalt silicide process is found to be superior to the conventional cobalt salicide process in producing lower sheet resistance and tighter sheet resistance distribution. The use of a TiN cap also suppresses Si out diffusion, which can prevent shorting between the gate and source/drain areas when pre-amorphization of Si substrate is used to enhance silicidation. The metal residue on oxide and nitride substrates after metal anneal and metal etch are compared using total reflection x-ray fluorescence. It is found that both Ti and Co residue on silicon nitride is higher than on silicon oxide after metal anneal and metal strip.
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