Published online by Cambridge University Press: 26 February 2011
We show in this paper the possibility of using mechanical milling to prepare apatite-type La, Nd and Gd silicates starting from stoichiometric mixtures of the constituent oxides. XRD patterns collected after grinding the starting mixtures for 9 hours contain only the characteristic reflections of the target materials with no other phase apparently present. Electrical conductivity data were successfully fitted to a Jonscher-type empirical expression with fractional exponent n included in the 0.35-0.75 range. Activation energies for oxygen migration were found to decrease as the size of the rare-earth cation increases. Therefore, the highest conductivity values were found for the apatite-type lanthanum silicate.
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