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Output Power Characteristics of Mg2Si and the Fabrication of a Mg2Si TE Module with a Unileg Structure

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  31 January 2011

Takashi Nemoto
Affiliation:
tnemoto@ntcl.co.jp, Nippon Thermostat Co., Ltd., Kiyose-shi, Tokyo, Japan
Tsutomu Iida
Affiliation:
iida_tsu@rs.tus.ac.jp, Tokyo University of Science, Department of Materials Science and Technology, Noda-shi, Chiba, Japan
Yohei Oguni
Affiliation:
sunflat84@yahoo.co.jp, Tokyo University of Science, Department of Materials Science and Technology, Noda-shi, Chiba, Japan
Junichi Sato
Affiliation:
j-sato@ntcl.co.jp, Nippon Thermostat Co., Ltd., Kiyose-shi, Tokyo, Japan
Atsunobu Matsumoto
Affiliation:
atunobu0820@yahoo.co.jp, Tokyo University of Science, Department of Materials Science and Technology, Noda-shi, Chiba, Japan
Tatsuya Sakamoto
Affiliation:
t-sakamoto7836@hotmail.co.jp, Tokyo University of Science, Department of Materials Science and Technology, Noda-shi, Chiba, Japan
Takahiro Miyata
Affiliation:
tmarc44@xa2.sonet.ne.jp, Tokyo University of Science, Department of Materials Science and Technology, Noda-shi, Chiba, Japan
Tadao Nakajima
Affiliation:
nakajima@ntcl.co.jp, Nippon Thermostat Co., Ltd., Kiyose-shi, Tokyo, Japan
Hirohisa Taguchi
Affiliation:
ht0131@rs.noda.tus.ac.jp, Tokyo University of Science, Department of Materials Science and Technology, Noda-shi, Chiba, Japan
Keishi Nishio
Affiliation:
k-nishio@rs.noda.tus.ac.jp, Tokyo University of Science, Department of Materials Science and Technology, Noda-shi, Chiba, Japan
Yoshifumi Takanashi
Affiliation:
takanashi@rs.noda.tus.ac.jp, Tokyo University of Science, Department of Materials Science and Technology, Noda-shi, Chiba, Japan
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Abstract

In order to restrain global warming and to realize a sustainable global energy system, further enhancements in energy efficiency are required. One reliable technology for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and the consumption of fossil fuel is thermoelectric technology, which can directly convert heat into electricity and consequently increases the energy conversion efficiency of power generation by combustion. Magnesium silicide (Mg2Si) is a promising candidate for a thermal-to-electric energy-conversion material at operating temperatures ranging from 500 to 800 K. Mg2Si exhibits many promising characteristics, such as the abundance of its constituent elements in the earth’s crust and the non-toxicity of its processing by-products, resulting in freedom from concerns regarding prospective extended restrictions on hazardous substances. The efficiency of a thermoelectric device is characterized by the dimensionless figure of merit, ZT. It is well known that several kinds of dopants are effective in improving the thermoelectric performance of n-type Mg2Si. With Bi-doped n-type Mg2Si, we have achieved a maximum value of the dimensionless figure-of-merit ZT of ˜1.0 at ˜ 850 K. However, the correlation between the ZT values and the power generation characteristics, which is essential to understand in order to design a structure for a TE power generation module, has not been sufficiently investigated. In order to design a structure for a thermoelectric module using Mg2Si, we examined the correlation between the ZT values and the power-output of a single element using Mg2Si (ZT = 0.6) and Mg2Si doped with donor impurities such as Al and/or Bi (ZT = 0.65˜0.77). The measured single element was 2×2 mm2 in section and 10 mm long. Additionally, we developed and evaluated a new architecture based on a ‘unileg’ structure Mg2Si TE power generation module, which can improve the module lifetime and simplify its manufacture. As a starting material for the fabrication of the single element and the TE modules, pre-synthesized polycrystalline Mg2Si, fabricated by UNION MATERIAL was used. The material was sintered using a plasma-activated sintering (PAS) technique, and, at the same time, Ni electrodes were formed on the Mg2Si by employing of a monobloc PAS technique. The thermoelectric power-outputs were measured under a temperature difference, ΔT, ranging from 100-to-500 K by using UNION MATERIAL UMTE-1000M. The observed power-output for single element of Mg2Si (ZT = 0.6), 2 at % Bi-doped Mg2Si (ZT = 0.65) and 1at % Bi + 1at % Al-doped Mg2Si (ZT = 0.77) were 23.2 mW, 13.6 mW and 19.4 mW respectively at ΔT = 500 K (between 873 K and 373 K). For the new architecture based on the unileg structure thermoelectric module, the observed value for power-output-per-unit-area was 12 mW/mm2 at ΔT = 500 K.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2009

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References

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