Published online by Cambridge University Press: 17 March 2011
The interaction between boron and excess silicon interstitials caused by ion implantation hinders the formation of ultra-shallow, low resistivity junctions. Previous studies have shown that fluorine reduces boron transient enhanced diffusion, however it is unclear whether this observed phenomenon is due to the fluorine interacting with the boron atoms or silicon self-interstitials. Amorphization of a n-type Czochralski wafer was achieved with a 70 keV Si+ implantation at a dose of 1×1015/cm2. The Si+ implant produced a 1500Å deep amorphous layer, which was then implanted with 1.12 keV 1×1015/cm2 B+. The samples were then implanted with a dose of 2×1015/cm2F+ at various energies ranging from 2 keV to 36 keV. Ellipsometry measurements showed no increase in the amorphous layer thickness from either the boron or fluorine implants. The experimental conditions allowed the chemical species effect to be studied independent of the implant damage caused by the fluorine implant. Post-implantation anneals were performed in a tube furnace at 750° C. Secondary ion mass spectrometry was used to monitor the dopant diffusion after annealing. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was used to study the end-of-range defect evolution. The addition of fluorine reduces the boron transient enhanced diffusion for all fluorine energies. It was observed that both the magnitude of the boron diffusivity and the concentration gradient of the boron profile vary as a function of fluorine energy.
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