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HRTEM Analysis and Magnetic Properties Study of Surface Oxidizing and Nitriding of Nanocrystalline Particles

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 February 2011

Chi-Ming Hsu
Affiliation:
Department of Materials Engineering, Tatung Institute of Technology, Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C
Hong-Ming Lin
Affiliation:
Department of Materials Engineering, Tatung Institute of Technology, Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C
Kuen-Rong Tsai
Affiliation:
Department of Materials Engineering, Tatung Institute of Technology, Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C
Pee-Yew Lee
Affiliation:
Graduate Institute of Materials Engineering, National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung, Taiwan, R.O.C
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Abstract

Nanocrystalline iron powders were produced by means of the gas condensation. Pure nitrogen, or oxygen, or air, was introduced into the as-made powders before they were taken from the chamber. Various atmospheres produced varied layer structures around the iron particles. A high resolution transmission electron microscope was used to analyze the crystal structure and vibrating-sample magnetometer was used to measure the magnetic properties of nanocrystalline iron particles. The results showed that a layer of amorphous or nanocrystalline structure was formed initially on the surface of iron particles. This thin amorphous layer crystallized into Fe304 after annealing under electron irradiation when the introduced atmosphere was pure oxygen or air. However, it formed a passivated layer of ζ-Fe2N when nitrogen was introduced. The exchange anisotropy between the iron core and the superficial iron oxide or nitride shell was observed as the sample was cooled in an applied field of 10 kOe from room temperature to 5 K. The shift of the hysteresis loop caused by exchange anisotropy was 16% for the nitride shell and 8% for the oxide shell.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 1994

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